Nova workboard

a blog from young economists at Nova SBE

The role of parents on education

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The equality of opportunities is a dominant matter of societies. It is believed that one way to decrease inequality is through education. Thus, for this purpose, the education system has become an important foundation for the future of the citizens and economic opportunities. Therefore, because children are the key to a brighter future, it is society’s duty to provide them with complete education and teach them how to be productive.

The education that a child receives in their first years is crucial and has a huge impact in the rest of their lives. However, this kind of investment in children’s education requires two fundamental resources from parents, which are basically time and money. Besides these relevant factors, home background is also essential because parents have the capacity to induce their children to care about education and, thus, make them be interested in learning through so they can be more qualified and prepared for the different challenges they can face.

On the other hand, the education received by the parents can also influence the education of their children. In other words, parents with a high educational level know how to help their children to surpass the different obstacles that may appear because they are qualified to do so. Hence, this process of transferring knowledge may be essential to make children even more qualified than their parents.

Although it’s important for parents to have a high literacy level, one must verify that most of these qualified parents spend most of their time working and don’t really have the time needed to support their children as they should. Moreover, even if the parents aren’t qualified enough, the time spent with their children in activities such as checking homework, attending school events and letting kids know school is important, is considered the basis of successful performances by children. According to a study published by researchers at North Carolina State University, Brigham Young University and the University of California-Irvine family involvement has a strong positive effect on student’s education progress. Additionally, other study was conducted by researchers at the University of Leicester and University of Leeds, which concludes that parents’ efforts towards their child’s educational performance are fundamental since the role they play is more powerful and significant than that of the school or child. As a result, children of parents who put effort and dedicate time to children education have better achievements and a better performance on education.

So one can conclude that improving parents’ commitment on child education might be a competent policy in strengthening educational attainment, since it is more effective than changing parents social background and it will eventually lead to better economic results in the future. For example schools can volunteer to help develop parents information on student learning and make it better.

Maria Silva, 702


Author: studentnovasbe

Master student in Nova Sbe

One thought on “The role of parents on education

  1. Dear Maria,
    I think your post covers a very important topic – that parent background/involvement are crucial for student performance and development. However, it is important to bear in mind when considering parents’ commitment on the child’s education that this is an endogenous variable, since parents background and education influence how much they value it.
    Even though I agree with you when you say that improving parents’ commitment is more feasible than improving parents’ socio-economic background, I do so because the former is quicker to implement than the latter. However, I would suggest a more “drastic” policy, since most of the families from disadvantaged backgrounds feel excluded from the educational system, or do not relate to it. Schools should not only develop parents’ information on student learning but also create spaces where parents can participate, or even teach, and understand they are included in every step of their child’s development.

    Congratulations for your post!

    Ana Martins #734