The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) in the Philippines is a development program of the national government designed to promote investment in human capital (health and education) among poor families, particularly of children aged 0-18 years old. The 4Ps was patterned after the conditional cash transfer programs in Latin America and African countries which have been successful in poverty reduction and social development measures.
The program is integrated with the vision, mission and mandate of the Department of Social Welfare and Development aligned to reducing poverty and empowering the poor.
Moreover, the program is an avenue to fulfill the country’s commitment to meet the Millennium Development Goals by the United Nations, which include: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality, reduce child mortality, and improve maternal health.
To avail of the cash grants, beneficiaries should comply with the following conditions:
- Pregnant women must avail pre- and post-natal care and be attended during childbirth by a trained health professional
- Parents must attend family development sessions
- 0-5 year-old children must receive regular preventive health check-ups and vaccines
- 6-14 year-old children must receive deworming pills twice a year
- All child beneficiaries (0-18 years) must enroll in school and maintain a class attendance of at least 85% per month
These conditions were set in order to encourage parents to invest in their children’s human capital: health, nutrition and education.
On a monthly basis, eligible households (for a family with 3 children in school) receive € 24.491 (Php 1,400) of which € 8.747 (Php 500) is allocated for health and nutrition, and € 5.248 (Php 300) for education.
The program has also implemented family development sessions to help beneficiaries share their experience and discuss problems they are encountering. It is also an avenue for families to be informed on how to improve their well-being, such as handling their finances, establishing a small profitable business.
As of 25 June 2014, the 4Ps is being implemented in 144 cities and 1,483 municipalities in 80 provinces where a total of 4,090,667 households are enrolled. Of the total number of households, 4,088,342 are covered by regular Pantawid Pamilya program while the Modified Conditional Cash Transfer (MCCT) covers 2,325 households.
The table below shows the number of household beneficiaries since the program was implemented in 2008, comparing the target versus actual values.
With the program being implemented for 6 years, results have been favorable (amidst irregularity issues) in reaching its target beneficiaries and continue to expand its reach within the remote regions of the country. As seen in the table above, the program has achieved 91.68% of its target. Families who are not able to fulfill and comply with the conditions set are immediately delisted, which is made possible with DSWD’s monitoring system of grievance, compliance and update.
The program’s compliance verification system shows that the monthly compliance rate for the conditions set by the government is at 98% for education and 97% for health and nutrition. With additional staff for implementation and monitoring, the government is confident to reach its 100% target.
*Note: € 1 = Php 57.11
*Table taken from: Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program. Program Implementation Status Report. 2nd Quarter of 2014